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Personality Disorders

Personality is the characteristic way in which an individual thinks, feels and behaves. It accounts for the ingrained behavior patters of the individual and allows the prediction of how he will act in particular circumstances.

Sensation and Perception

We bring information about the world around us through a chain of events known as sensory information processing. The first part of this process is sensation, the activation of sensory receptors by physical stimuli and the transmission of neural signals to the brain.

The second part is perception, the final mental representation of the original stimuli as organized by the brain. This chain of events, from sensation to perception, is a single continuous process.

The Development trend in Hypnosis

Intense debate surrounds the topic of hypnosis. Some scientist disputes its very existence, while many therapists insist upon its value. One potential source of controversy is the wide variety of theories of hypnosis. This controversy may be decreasing as the value of hypnosis is increasingly recognized.

Sexual Communications

Sex is incredibly difficult to discuss, despite the vast range of words to choose from and the huge number of sexual images that surrounds us. However in any good relationship you’ll need to be able to talk about it.

With good communication people can create the four ingredients of good sex, which build on the initial chemistry of attraction:

Professional standards and care in the hypnotherapy clinic

The role of conventional medical and health care and how this relates to the professional standards of care in the hypnotherapy clinic

Evidence supports the clinical use of hypnosis for pain control, for weight control, in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, and as an adjunct to cognitive behavioral therapies.

Sexual Identity, Orientation and Gender

Sexual Identity

The term sexual identity, is used by psychologists and some recent writers, in the general area of sexology to describe the gender or sex with which a person identifies or is identified.

Laymen tend to use sexual identity and sexual preference interchangeably but the latter refers to the object of one’s sexual attractions, rather than one’s self-concept.

A sexual identity is not the result of something that occurs at one point in time, although some scientists and many laymen seek “causes” of sexual identity.

States of consciousness

Traditionally consciousness has been regarded as a private world, accessible mainly through introspective, however consciousness is now considered both subjective and objective.

Selective consciousness refers to our personal experience of the world – that is, the way things seem to us. Another aspect of subjective consciousness is awareness of self. Without self-awareness we could not deal effectively with the world.

Objective consciousness includes aspect of consciousness that can be verified by others.


Early theories of motivation focused on instinct and drive reduction and dealt primarily with biologically based behavior. More recent theories ascribe complex human behavior to expectations, values, and needs for achievement and self-esteem.


Many things, not all emotional, could cause a pain. There is a lot of difference between a pathological condition that causes pain and an emotional condition that causes a pain. Pain is also a body’s warning system and there are some pains that are phantom pains.